Pneumonia is an infection that develops in the lungs. This infection is caused by fungi, viruses, and bacteria.

Symptoms of Pneumonia:

The symptoms include problems with breathing, very high fever, pain in the chest, and a variety of respiratory issues. This is why this infection tends to be quite hazardous when children are affected by it. However, it also affects adults.

Prevnar 13 vs. pneumovax 23 vaccines: Who gets these vaccines?

Patients who have suffered from pneumonia in the past as well as people 50 or older, people with a past or present history of smoking, a history of asthma or COPD, or a history of immunocompromising conditions (e.g., diabetes, chronic kidney disease, HIV, hepatitis) need to get vaccinated. There are at the moment two vaccines which have been approved by the FDA and they are effective for the prevention of pneumococcal disease. The two vaccines are called Prevnar 13 and Pneumovax 23. But you cannot simply go ahead and choose one vaccination over another. You need to ensure that the patient gets the right one for him or her.

Pneumovax 23 vaccination:

Doctors recommend that individuals who are between 2 to 64 years old are eligible to receive the vaccine called Pneumovax 23. But they should ensure that candidates meet one or more of the criteria mentioned below:

  • Cigarette smokers who are nineteen or over the age of nineteen
  • Candidates who are recipients of cochlear implants
  • People who are suffering from chronic liver disease
  • People who have undergone organ transplantation
  • People who are suffering from chronic problems and health conditions such as COPD, nephrotic syndrome, renal failure, diabetes, and heart diseases
  • The CDC has also suggested that people who are over the age of 65 years must opt for the vaccine Pneumovax 23, even if they have received any other dose of vaccine for pneumonia.

Prevnar 13 vaccination and who should receive it

On the other hand, doctors have recommended that people who meet the following criteria should receive Prevnar 13:

  • Adults whose age is 50 years or older
  • Those individuals who have not before received the vaccine Prevnar 13 and whose age is between 19 to 64 years. Also, individuals who are suffering from conditions like asplenia, cochlear implant, an immunocompromising condition, or those who have a cerebrospinal fluid leak.
  • Infants and children who are 6 weeks of age or older.

Pneumovax 23 and Prevnar 13: What is the chief difference between the two?

The chief difference that is noted between the two vaccines is the strength or the amount of bacteria that the vaccine is capable of protecting against. Pneumovax 23 is useful and effective against 23 kinds of pneumococcal bacteria. On the other hand, Prevnar 13 is also quite useful and helps to prevent pneumococcal bacteria of 13 different kinds.

How does one administer these vaccines?

Pneumovax 23 can be administered intramuscularly or even subcutaneously. On the other hand, the vaccine Prevnar 13 should always be administered intramuscularly.

You need to keep in mind that the shots taken for pneumonia are quite different from ones that are taken for the flu. Deciding which pneumonia vaccinations to take depend on one’s age and the kind of risks associated with it. This is why one must always ensure that both the vaccines Pneumovax 23 and Prevnar 13 are provided by a specialist or at a local pharmacy. But, one might not always require a prescription for it. It will again depend on your medical state. This is why you must ensure that you have the proper amount of information in hand and take account of all the details from your pharmacist.