Increasing numbers of people are suffering from diabetes. Diabetes, type 1 and type 2 levels, develop gradually. However, the symptoms can be observed suddenly, in a child or in an adult.

Diabetes in children

Children are equally the victims of diabetes, with signs and symptoms developing gradually. Years ago, it was a rare syndrome for kids to be victims of this disease. However, according to recent data, almost 208,000 children (under the age of 20) are suffering from childhood diabetes.

Extreme craving

Extreme craving for food is a prominent risk factor for childhood diabetes. This occurs as the organs and muscles of the child become depleted of energy. This, in turn, is triggered by the fact that there is not enough insulin to move the sugar into the cells of the child.

Increased frequency of urination and thirst

With excessive amounts of sugar accumulating in the kid’s bloodstream, fluid is pulled from their tissues. This leads to increased urination and thirst in the child.

Yeast infection

This is another sign and symptom of childhood diabetes. Often, young girls with diabetes have genital yeast infections.


When the child’s cells are deprived of sugar, the child may feel lazy, lethargic, and tired. This may also result in longer term fatigue.

Weight loss

Since children with diabetes have extreme hunger, they tend to eat a lot more. However, in spite of this fact, the child might suffer from unexplained weight loss. Often, this weight loss is extremely rapid. Without enough energy and sugar supplies, the fat stores and muscle tissues shrink. This is often the first sign that is noticed in children suffering from diabetes.

Unusual behavior

Children diagnosed with diabetes are often observed to be irritated or moody.

Blurred vision

Children suffering from diabetes or with high blood sugar may suffer from blurred vision. This is because fluid is pulled from the lenses of their eyes, leaving them unable to focus clearly.

If the parents observes one or more of the aforementioned symptoms in their children, they should immediately consult a doctor for early detection, prevention, diagnosis, and cure.

Diabetes in adults

Though the above factors are the possible signs and symptoms of childhood diabetes, they are not specific to juveniles. These same signs and symptoms can also lead to detection of adults suffering from diabetes. Beside the above risk factors, there are a few more that indicate diabetes in adults. Let’s look at them.

Areas with dark patches of skin

This is an additional sign or symptom that you can observe in an adult diagnosed with diabetes. Specifically, adults develop these areas of darkened skin when they suffer from type 2 diabetes. The areas may have velvety skin within the creases and folds of their bodies, like in the neck and armpit. This condition is often referred to as acanthosis nigricans. This is a sign of resistance to insulin.

Lower resistance

Adults diagnosed with diabetes are often observed to have reduced power to resist and heal from infections.



Since 2001, Dr. Alexander G. Salerno has led Salerno Medical Associates in East Orange, New Jersey. Dr. Alexander Salerno focuses largely on urban communities and on delivering patient education about both medical and behavioral health issues.